Sutjeska National Park is located on the territory of the municipalities of Foča, Gacko, and Kalinovik. It is the oldest national park in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
This national park covers an area of 17,500 hectares. It includes the area of the river Sutjeska and its tributaries Hrčavka and Jabučnica, with the Perućica nature reserve, parts of the mountains Maglić (with the highest peak in Bosnia and Herzegovina – 2386 m), Volujak, Vučevo, and Zelengora.
In 1952, the National Assembly of Bosnia and Herzegovina passed a law declaring the area of Sutjeska a national park.
Over 66% of the park is covered by forests, while the remaining part consists of mountain pastures, meadows, and glades above the upper limit of the forests. This area is part of the Dinarides, which further extends deep into the Balkan Peninsula. There is also the last rainforest in Europe, Perućica, with the famous Skakavac waterfall.
This oldest and largest national park in BiH is known for the most diverse ecosystem in Southeast Europe. A huge treasure of flora and fauna is concentrated in the National Park.
Sutjeska also has great historical significance, because one of the bloodiest battles in the Second World War took place at Tjentište during which Tito’s partisans, with great sacrifices, managed to break through the enemy encirclement and escape the more numerous fascist forces. In 1971, an imposing monument, a symbol of Tjentište, by Miodrag Živković, was erected in memory of that battle.
The National Park organizes the OK Fest Youth Festival every year at the beginning of July. This festival offers concerts of famous rock groups, accompanying music programs, film and theater screenings, panel discussions, and a very attractive adrenaline zone — hiking in the park and rafting on the Tara River.
If you want to enjoy untouched nature, be sure to visit this amazing national park in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Amina Šehović, History MA